How can your Children avoid Knee Sports Injuries in India? Advice for Indian parents

Children in India these days are increasingly participating in competitive sports. They find in sports, especially the popular ones a career opportunity or a pastime. Sports are a good way of developing comrade ship and leader ship qualities. In the big cities like Chennai, Bangalore, tech Hubs of India, there are many families who have relocated from the United States. Children of such families have been exposed to games like Basketball, soccer, football, baseball, roller and board skating from an early age. Participation in sport is good for the overall development of kids but there is a risk of getting injured. Let us examine the risks from sports and look at the methods of preventing sports injuries.

Children in sports are likely to sustain injuries. Most of these are sprains.

To quote some statistics from the US,

o Nationally, over 775,000 children under age 15 are treated in hospital emergency departments for sports-related injuries each year.

o About 80 percent of these injuries are from football, basketball, baseball, or soccer.

o Most sports-related injuries in children – about two-thirds of them – are sprains and strains. Only 5 percent of sports injuries involve broken bones.

However the trauma of a sports injury does not end with the immediate hospitalization. There may be hidden problems which can surface later. A sports injury in childhood can cause late arthritis in later life. The most serious of these is osteoarthritis. According to one study, a single knee injury early in life can put a child at five times the risk for osteoarthritis in adulthood; likewise a hip injury could more than triple the risk.

Fact: Osteoarthritis affects one third of the people with chronic arthritis and joint symptoms. Osteoarthritis is the leading cause of chronic disability in many countries with aging populations. Sports activities are bound to increase in children and adults with abundant leisure time and affluence. Since there is little help from coaches or advice from parents, children are more than likely to suffer from injuries that can be neglected. This puts the child at risk of developing osteoarthritis. Knee osteoarthritis is the commonest arthritis in our country.

Knee ligament and cartilage injuries are the commonest joint injuries in sports like football, basketball or soccer.
Ligamentous injuries of the knee are a major cause of secondary osteoarthritis, a variant of osteoarthritis which appears at a much earlier age than arthritis in our grandparents. I have seen in the past few months a handful of children with bony and ligamentous injuries of the knee which has resulted in gross damage. As many people are aware, in Osteoarthritis (OA) the cartilage that cushions a joint is worn away, causing the bones to grind against each other casing pain and stiffness.
The main ligament injury of the knee is an avulsion of the anterior cruciate ligament from its bony attachment at the top of the shinbone (tibia). Earlier it was thought that in children, the attachment of the ligament to the bone gave way earlier before the ligament could tear as in adults. This has not been born out in more and more case reports and my experience as well. So while examining children with knee injuries, it is important to remember that the pattern of injury could resemble an adult type of ACL injury. The growing child’s surgical reconstruction differs slightly from a reconstructive procedure.

Kids who play sports will get hurt – that’s a fact. But how can parents and coaches protect kids’ joints, reducing the risk of injury and cutting the chance of developing osteoarthritis later?


o Ensuring that your child has protective gear for that particular sport.

o Conditioning and training for a specific sport can ward of injury.

o Warming up and cooling down exercises at the beginning and end of the game are vital.

o Parents should not be over ambitious and push their kids too much.

o Ensure that your kids get the right nutrition.

o If you want your kid to develop into a good sports person, get him a good coach.

o Older children can localize pain but younger ones can’t. They may just limp or not use the limb. If your kid complains of pain in a joint, or develops a swelling in a joint or limps, consult an orthopaedic surgeon with special interest in paediatric sports injuries.
Protecting your child’s joints from sports injuries should not mean keeping him or her out of sports and stuck in the house. The long-term benefits of sports for children are clear. Exercise is crucial for maintaining proper weight, improving strength and coordination, and building lifelong good health habits early. Emotionally, team sports can help children build social skills and can provide a general sense of well-being.

Let them play – but play smart!

Sport and the Russian Revolution

“People will divide into “parties” over the question of a new gigantic canal, or the distribution of oases in the Sahara (such a question will exist too), over the regulation of the weather and the climate, over a new theatre, over chemical hypotheses, over two competing tendencies in music, and over a best system of sports.”
– Leon Trotsky, Literature and Revolution

At the start of the twentieth century sport had not flourished in Russia to the same extent as in countries such as Britain. The majority of the Russian population were peasants, spending hours each day on back-breaking agricultural labour. Leisure time was difficult to come by and even then people were often exhausted from their work. Of course people did still play, taking part in such traditional games as lapta (similar to baseball) and gorodki (a bowling game). A smattering of sports clubs existed in the larger cities but they remained the preserve of the richer members of society. Ice hockey was beginning to grow in popularity, and the upper echelons of society were fond of fencing and rowing, using expensive equipment most people would never have been able to afford.

In 1917 the Russian Revolution turned the world upside down, inspiring millions of people with its vision of a society built on solidarity and the fulfilment of human need. In the process it unleashed an explosion of creativity in art, music, poetry and literature. It touched every area of people’s lives, including the games they played. Sport, however, was far from being a priority. The Bolsheviks, who had led the revolution, were confronted with civil war, invading armies, widespread famine and a typhus epidemic. Survival, not leisure, was the order of the day. However, during the early part of the 1920s, before the dreams of the revolution were crushed by Stalin, the debate over a “best system of sports” that Trotsky had predicted did indeed take place. Two of the groups to tackle the question of “physical culture” were the hygienists and the Proletkultists.

As the name implies the hygienists were a collection of doctors and health care professionals whose attitudes were informed by their medical knowledge. Generally speaking they were critical of sport, concerned that its emphasis on competition placed participants at risk of injury. They were equally disdainful of the West’s preoccupation with running faster, throwing further or jumping higher than ever before. “It is completely unnecessary and unimportant,” said A.A. Zikmund, head of the Physical Culture Institute in Moscow, “that anyone set a new world or Russian record.” Instead the hygienists advocated non-competitive physical pursuits – like gymnastics and swimming -as ways for people to stay healthy and relax.

For a period of time the hygienists influenced Soviet policy on questions of physical culture. It was on their advice that certain sports were prohibited, and football, boxing and weight-lifting were all omitted from the programme of events at the First Trade Union Games in 1925. However the hygienists were far from unanimous in their condemnation of sport. V.V. Gorinevsky, for example, was an advocate of playing tennis which he saw as being an ideal physical exercise. Nikolai Semashko, a doctor and the People’s Commissar for Health, went much further arguing that sport was “the open gate to physical culture” which “develops the sort of will-power, strength and skill that should distinguish Soviet people.”

In contrast to the hygienists the Proletkult movement was unequivocal in its rejection of ‘bourgeois’ sport. Indeed they denounced anything that smacked of the old society, be it in art, literature or music. They saw the ideology of capitalism woven into the fabric of sport. Its competitiveness set workers against each other, dividing people by tribal and national identities, while the physicality of the games put unnatural strains on the bodies of the players.

In place of sport Proletkultists argued for new, proletarian forms of play, founded on the principles of mass participation and cooperation. Often these new games were huge theatrical displays looking more like carnivals or parades than the sports we see today. Contests were shunned on the basis that they were ideologically incompatible with the new socialist society. Participation replaced spectating, and each event contained a distinct political message, as is apparent from some of their names: Rescue from the Imperialists; Smuggling Revolutionary Literature Across the Frontier; and Helping the Proletarians.

It would be easy to characterise the Bolsheviks as being anti-sports. Leading members of the party were friends and comrades with those who were most critical of sport during the debates on physical culture. Some of the leading hygienists were close to Leon Trotsky, while Anotoli Lunacharsky, the Commissar for the Enlightenment, shared many views with Proletkult. In addition, the party’s attitude to the Olympics is normally given as evidence to support this anti-sport claim. The Bolsheviks boycotted the Games arguing that they “deflect workers from the class struggle and train them for imperialist wars”. Yet in reality the Bolshevik’s attitudes towards sport were somewhat more complicated.

It is clear that that they regarded participation in the new physical culture as being highly important, a life-affirming activity allowing people to experience the freedom and movement of their own bodies. Lenin was convinced that recreation and exercise were integral parts of a well-rounded life. “Young people especially need to have a zest for life and be in good spirits. Healthy sport – gymnastics, swimming, hiking all manner of physical exercise – should be combined as much as possible with a variety of intellectual interests, study, analysis and investigation… Healthy bodies, healthy minds!”

Unsurprisingly, in the aftermath of the revolution, sport would play a political role for the Bolsheviks. Facing internal and external threats which would decimate the working class, they saw sport as a means by which the health and fitness of the population could be improved. As early as 1918 they issued a decree, On Compulsory Instruction in the Military Art, introducing physical training to the education system.

This tension between the ideals of a future physical culture and the pressing concerns of the day were evident in a resolution passed by the Third All-Russia Congress of the Russian Young Communist League in October 1920:

“The physical culture of the younger generation is an essential element in the overall system of communist upbringing of young people, aimed at creating harmoniously developed human beings, creative citizens of communist society. Today physical culture also has direct practical aims: (1) preparing young people for work; and (2) preparing them for military defence of Soviet power.”

Sport would also play a role in other areas of political work. Prior to the revolution the liberal educationalist Peter Lesgaft noted that “social servitude has left its degrading imprint on women. Our task is to free the female body of its fetters”. Now the Bolsheviks attempted to put his ideas into practice. The position of women in society had already been greatly improved through the legalisation of abortion and divorce, but sport could also play a role by increasingly bringing women into public life. “It is our urgent task to draw women into sport,” said Lenin. “If we can achieve that and get them to make full use of the sun, water and fresh air for fortifying themselves, we shall bring an entire revolution in the Russian way of life.”

And sport became another way of conveying the ideals of the revolution to the working classes of Europe. The worker-sport movement stretched across the continent and millions of workers were members of sports clubs run mainly by reformist organisations. The Red Sports International (RSI) was formed in 1921 with the express intention of connecting with these workers. Through the following decade the RSI (and the reformist Socialist Worker Sports International) held a number of Spartakiads and Worker Olympics in opposition to the official Olympic Games. Worker-athletes from across the globe would come together to participate in a whole range of events including processions, poetry, art and competitive sport. There was none of the discrimination that marred the ‘proper’ Olympics. Men and women of all colours were eligible to take part irrespective of ability. The results were very much of secondary importance.

So, were the Bolsheviks anti-sport? They certainly did not seem to go as far as Proletkult’s fervent ideological opposition and, as we have seen, were prepared to utilise sport in the pursuit of wider political goals. No doubt there were many individual Bolsheviks who despised sports. Equally many will have greatly enjoyed them. Indeed, as the British secret agent Robert Bruce Lockhart observed, Lenin himself was a keen sportsman: “From boyhood he had been fond of shooting and skating. Always a great walker, he became a keen mountaineer, a lively cyclist, and an impatient fisherman.” Lunacharsky, despite his association with Proletkult, extolled the virtues of both rugby union and boxing, hardly the most benign of modern sports.

This is not to say that the party was uncritical of ‘bourgeois’ sport. It is clear that they tackled the worst excesses of sport under capitalism. The emphasis on competition was removed, contest that risked serious injury to the participants was banned, the flag-waving nationalist trappings endemic to modern sport disappeared, and the games people played were no longer treated as commodities. But the Bolsheviks were never overly prescriptive in their analysis of what physical culture should look like.

The position of the Bolsheviks in those early days is perhaps best summarised by Trotsky in the quote that opens this chapter. It was not for the party to decide what constituted the “best system of sports” or produce the correct line for the working class to follow. Rather it was for the mass of people to discuss and debate, experiment and innovate, and in that process create their own sports and games. Nobody could foresee exactly what the play of a future socialist society would be like, but equally no one could doubt that the need to play would assert itself. As Trotsky said, “The longing for amusement, distraction, sight-seeing and laughter is the most legitimate of human nature.”

The hopes of the revolution died, alongside thousands of old Bolsheviks, with the rise of Josef Stalin. The collectivist ideals of 1917 were buried, replaced by exploitation and brutal repression. Internationalism was jettisoned in favour of “socialism in one country”. As the values and imperatives of the society changed so too did the character of the country’s physical culture. By 1925 the Bolsheviks had already turned towards a more elitist model of sport. Around this time Stalin is reported to have said: “We compete with the bourgeoisie economically, politically, and not without success. We compete everywhere possible. Why not compete in sport?” Team sports reappeared, complete with capitalist style league and cup structures. Successful sportspeople were held up as heroes in the Soviet Union and the quest for records resumed. Many of the hygienists and Proletkultists who had dared to dream of new forms of physical culture perished in the purges.

Eventually sport became a proxy for the Cold War. In 1952 the Soviet Union was re-integrated into the Olympic movement ensuring that the medal table at each Games became a measure of the relative strength of East and West. As the country was inexorably compelled into economic, political and military competition on the international stage, so it also found itself drawn into sporting competition with the West.

Just as it would be a mistake to judge the ideals of the Russian Revolution by the horrors of Stalinism, so we should not allow the latter days of Soviet sport to obscure those remarkable early experiments in physical culture. Sport in Russia may have ended as a steroid-enhanced caricature, but how far removed that was from the vision of Lenin when he said: “Young men and women of the Soviet land should live life beautifully and to the full in public and private life. Wrestling, work, study, sport, making merry, singing, dreaming – these are things young people should make the most of.”

Motivational Quotes – The Hidden Secrets

They may seem cliché, but motivational quotes really can inspire you to become the best person that you can be.

Why Quotes Work

Motivational quotes work because of the person who spoke or wrote the quote. You are awe-inspired by baseball players, celebrities and even business leaders. It is only natural to take notice when they give a quote. Usually, it is a well thought out comment about a specific topic or incident. Sometimes, their quotes have been written by professional speech writers. It is a statement that resounds with the public that makes it famous.

Quotes also are useful because they promote key messages. Some of the topics can include winning at sports, success in the business world, love and so on. Especially in the work place, quotes seem to unite the departments with a strong sense of purpose. Team leaders employ the use of quote to motivate the staff to perform at a level of excellence.

Famous Sports Quotes

Vince Lombardi, legendary head coach of the Green Bay Packers, won five league championships during his nine year stint. He has been credit with many motivation quotes including the following: “Dictionary is the only place that success comes before work. Hard work is the price we must pay for success. I think you can accomplish anything if you’re willing to pay the price.”

The comparison of sports and work has many parallels. Strategies and execution are planned with the leader (or coach) and the players (business associates). Both want to win, whether it is a game or to be the prominent leader in an industry.

Quotes from Famous Business Executives

The business community has also recorded famous quotes. Among them, Lee Iacocca stands out for many reasons. He is the American businessman known for the turnaround of the declining Chrysler Corporation in the 1980s. He said: “Motivation is everything.

You can do the work of two people, but you can’t be two people. Instead, you have to inspire the next guy down the line and get him to inspire his people. This is true. A workforce that is motivated and committed to bringing the best service and/or products to its customers will achieve great results.

Founder and co-creator of Chicken Soup for the Soul book series, Mark Victor Hansen frequently has his motivation quotes published. He stresses the importance of just going for your goals: “Don’t wait until everything is just right. It will never be perfect. There will always be challenges, obstacles and less than perfect conditions.

So what? Get started now. With each step you take, you will grow stronger and stronger, more and more skilled, more and more self-confident and more and more successful.” Too many times, you wait at work to ask to lead a project or be given additional responsibilities. Be proactive and create your own success.

Usages of Quotes

Motivation quotes are used in speeches, in high school and college papers and on plaques that adorn the walls of your office.

Managing a kids’ sporting team

Managing a sporting team for your child can be hard work, but quite rewarding and involve you in an integral part of your child’s life. If you’re thinking about volunteering, here’s a few tips and ideas to consider before putting your hand up.

1. Do you get on well with the coach? If you already know that you don’t, then volunteering to work alongside them may not be a good idea. However, if you get on well or think you will, then have a chat with them about what the job entails. Don’t let them talk you into volunteering before you’re sure you can handle the workload

2. Having mentioned the workload, if your sporting club is well organised, it shouldn’t be too heavy. Basic jobs might include, collecting fees, organising a contact list and phone tree for canceled games, ensuring everyone knows game times and location, coordinating team photographs and being available to help parents with their queries

3. Many junior sporting clubs run a canteen or kiosk whose workforce is based on parent volunteers. It’s usually the team manager’s job to round up volunteers to cover team duty requirements. Note that this sort of roster may also be required for other jobs around the club such as line marking, net set up, goal post padding, etc. Give your parents time to organise their own schedule and be persistent with calling for volunteers

4. While a lot of clubs distribute a newsletter, individual teams can do the same. An easy way to do this is via email. Collect everyone’s email address at the beginning of the season and advise them to keep an eye on their inboxes for notes and newsletters. You can do a simple email that covers information or set up a template in club colours so that your newsletters are distinguishable from other emails. Date your newsletters and start off with an inspirational sporting quote. Itemise the news contained within and make sure your information is to the point, easily understandable and contains no spelling/grammar/punctuation errors. If you come across an interesting article or would like to write a short piece yourself on a topic directly related to the team, go ahead but remember to keep it reasonably short

5. Be friendly and helpful with the other parents, and supportive of the team. Before you join the coach on the sideline to yell out helpful bits of advice, make sure it’s okay with the coach and that you know what you’re yelling about

6. Near the end of the season, it’s often the manager’s job to coordinate the end of season party as well as a thank you gift for the coach (if you’re lucky, someone will organise a gift for you too). It is wise to keep things as simple and inexpensive as possible. Look for a venue that provides food kids like and doesn’t mind if they get noisy

7. Hopefully, by the end of the season you’ll have remembered the names of the whole team and a good portion of the parents. You can help your memory along by keeping a list of names and shirt numbers handy. As manager, no one will think twice about you referring to a clipboard and making notes

If you want to be involved in your child’s sporting team without becoming buried under a pile of work (eg. committee member) then team manager could be just the job for you. All you need is commitment and willingness to help the coach out with the administration side of running a team. The rewards will be great and you’ll have helped your child’s team to succeed at having a smooth and fun season of sport.

Custom Team Uniforms to Fit Your Needs

There are many team sports that require special uniforms and some that don’t require them but simply want their team to stand out for the rest of the teams. Because each team is as unique as the sport they participate in, it makes sense that they would want team uniforms that are unique as well. Uniforms create a comrade within the team that is second to none and helps promote a feeling of family.

Some teams want to design their own uniforms with their team name, mascot and numbers on the jersey. Many sporting goods stores carry jerseys and uniforms but are useless when you want to design your own logo. With a custom uniform store you can do just that. They will take your design and transfer it onto the jersey of your choice along with numbers, names and any other information you so choose.

You can even have a mock-up of the uniform or jersey you want made to make sure you are pleased before ordering the entire team uniforms. This allows you to see what your design is going to look like and if adjustments are needed, they can be done before all of your uniforms are ordered and completed. You can order one or 21 team uniforms to your specifications. No order is too large or too small when it comes to a team’s recognition.

You will receive competitive quotes from a custom shop and then you need only compare the quality of merchandise with other shops to determine who has the best product for your needs. A custom shop may even allow you to design your jerseys online using their programming for your designs. This allows you to see the product before you order as well. You can choose from literally thousands of blank jerseys for sports such as football, baseball, hockey, volleyball, basketball and even bowling. Any type of jersey you are in need of, you can find and design for your own team uniforms.

Are you looking for a specific brand of uniform? Custom design shops carry Nike, Hanes District Threads, Saxon, CCM, Reebok and many other name brands in their inventory and are happy to customize the brand you want to your team uniforms. Most orders are processed the same day when the order is placed in a timely manner and of course the actual time it takes for them to complete you order depends on the number of uniforms you order and the design.

If you are looking for jackets for your team, those are no problem either. A custom design shop carries not only apparel but can help you with your outerwear, headwear, ladies apparel, sweats and sport bags, each customized in the manner you choose. They carry a variety of materials for the perfect choice of team uniforms you need. If your team plays hard outside in the summer, they can supply you with absorbing cotton, winter teams with heavier fabric to make practice and playing more comfortable for your team members.